自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版

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中南大学学报(英文版)

Journal of Central South University

Vol. 14    No. 1    February 2007

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Electrochemical behavior of diverse vanadium ions at modified graphite felt electrode in sulphuric solution
LI Xiao-gang(李晓刚)1, HUANG Ke-long(黄可龙)1, LIU Su-qin(刘素琴)1, CHEN Li-quan(陈立泉)1, 2

1. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China;2. Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China

Abstract:PAN-based graphite felt (PGF) treated in 98% sulphuric acid for 5 h and then kept at 450 ℃ for 2 h was evaluated for their electrochemical performance as electrodes of vanadium redox battery (VRB). Structure and characteristic of treated PAN-based graphite felt (TPGF) were determined by means of Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, Scanning Electron Microscopy, Brunauer−Emmett−Teller surface area analysis and VRB test system. The results show that the acid and heat synergistic effect increase the number of —COOH functional groups on the PGF surface, and the PGF is eroded by sulphuric acid oxidation, resulting in the surface area increases from 0.31 m2/g to 0.45 m2/g. The V(Ⅱ)/V(Ⅲ) redox reaction is electrochemically reversible on the TPGF electrode, while the V(Ⅳ)/V(Ⅴ) couple is a quasi reversible process. The diffusion coefficients of the oxidation for V(Ⅳ)/V(Ⅴ) obtained from the scope of peak current Ip vs scan rate v1/2 is 4.410−5 cm2/s. The improvement of electrochemical activity for the electrode is mainly ascribed to the increase of the number of —COOH groups on the TPGF, which behaves as active sites catalyzing the vanadium species reactions and accelerating electron transfer reaction and oxygen transfer.

 

Key words: vanadium; redox flow battery; graphite felt; diffusion coefficient.

中南大学学报(自然科学版)
  ISSN 1672-7207
CN 43-1426/N
ZDXZAC
中南大学学报(英文版)
  ISSN 2095-2899
CN 43-1516/TB
JCSTFT
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