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中南大学学报(自然科学版)

Journal of Central South University

第32卷    第5期    总第141期    2001年10月

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文章编号:1005-9792(2001)05-0483-04
NH4Cl-NH3-H2O体系浸出氧化锌矿
张保平,唐谟堂

(中南大学冶金科学与工程系,湖南长沙 410083)

摘 要: 介绍了氯化铵-氨配合浸出法直接从氧化锌矿提取锌新工艺.该工艺采用氯化铵-氨水溶液作浸出剂,使之与氧化锌矿反应得锌氨配合离子,在浸出的同时将杂质砷、锑、铁、硫酸根和碳酸根除去.实验结果表明:时间、液固比对锌浸出率影响显著,而温度对锌浸出率影响不大;在综合浸出条件下,锌浸出率大于68%,氨溶锌浸出率大于93.88%(质量分数);胶体吸附除砷、锑效果明显,浸出液中砷、锑质量浓度可降至0.25 mg·L-1,铁质量浓度可降至0.15 mg·L-1以下,氯化钙、氯化钡可将碳酸根和硫酸根几乎除尽,其他杂质元素含量也极低.该浸出液净化容易,特别适合制电锌或锌粉.本法具有工艺简单、能耗低、污染小、原料适应性广等优点.

 

关键字: 氯化铵;氨;配合物;锌;浸出

Leaching zinc oxide ores in the system of NH4Cl-NH3-H2O
ZHANG Bao-ping,TANGMo-tang

Department of Metallurgical Science and Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China

Abstract:A new process for leaching zinc directly from zinc oxide ores in the system of NH4Cl-NH3-H2O is described in the paper. In the process NH4Cl-NH3-H2Owas used as leaching agent, then the Zn(NH3)2+iwas formed after the solution reacted with zinc oxide ores. At the same time, the impurities of As, Sb, Fe, SO42-and CO2-3were removed. The results of experiments showthat the effects of time and the ratio of liquid to solid on the rate of zinc leaching is obvious while the effect of temperature is not obvious. Under the best conditions, the rate of zinc leaching was more than 68%and that of zinc leaching which could be dissolved in the system was more than 93.88%. Moreover, absorption of As and Sb by a colloid was very good, and the contents of As and Sb in the leaching liquor were no more than 0.25 mg·L-1,with oxidant, that of Fe was less than 0.15 mg·L-1, and with BaCland CaCl2, all the CO32-and SO42-could be removed. In addition, the contents of the other impurities were very few. The purification of leaching liquor will be very easy and fitted to prepare pure zinc and zinc powder. The method has the advantages of simplified process, high recovery rate of zinc, low power consumption, and little pollution, and so on.

 

Key words: ammonium chloride; ammonia; coordinate complex salt; zinc; leaching

中南大学学报(自然科学版)
  ISSN 1672-7207
CN 43-1426/N
ZDXZAC
中南大学学报(英文版)
  ISSN 2095-2899
CN 43-1516/TB
JCSTFT
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