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中南大学学报(自然科学版)

Journal of Central South University

第35卷    第4期    总第158期    2004年8月

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文章编号:1672-7207(2004)04-0552-05
铝土矿选择性磨矿中磨矿介质的研究
张国范1,冯其明1,陈启元2,张平民2

(1.中南大学资源加工与生物工程学院,湖南长沙,410083;
2.中南大学化学化工学院,湖南长沙,410083
)

摘 要: 研究了球形、短圆柱形和短圆柱+球形3种磨矿介质对铝土矿选择性磨矿的作用。研究结果表明:大直径球形介质对粗粒级铝土矿的冲击力较大,容易造成过粉碎,小直径球形介质的擦洗作用能提高粗粒级铝土矿的铝硅比;短圆柱介质对铝土矿磨矿具有较好的选择性,但对铝硅比的提高幅度较小,磨矿速率较低;短圆柱+球形介质具有球形介质和短圆柱介质的优点,既具有较高的磨矿速率,又能较大幅度地提高粗粒级的铝硅比,适合铝土矿选择性磨矿的要求。对于短圆柱+球形介质,介质配比对铝土矿选择性磨矿的磨矿效果有明显的影响。

 

关键字: 铝土矿;选择性磨矿;磨矿介质;一水硬铝石;高岭石

Study on grinding media of selective grinding of bauxite
ZHANG Guo-fan1, FENG Qi-ming1, CHEN Qi-yuan2, ZHANG Ping-min2

1.College of Resources Processing and Bioengineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China;
2.College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China

Abstract:The effects of the ball shape, the short cylindrical and the mxied grinding media on selective grinding of bauxite were studied, respectively. The results show that the coarse particles are overgrind due to the powerful impact of big ball abrasive particles. The mass ratio of Al2O3to SiO2in coarse particles is increased by the abrasive effect of small ball shape medium. The short cylindrical grinding medium is benefittal to the selective grinding of bauxite, but the increasing of the mass ratio of Al2O3 to SiO2 is smaller and the grinding velocity are lower. Higher grinding velocity and great increase of the ratio of Al2O3 to SiO2 can be obtained by using the compound of the ball shape and the short cylindrical medium. The blending ratio of small ball grinding medium to short cylindrical grinding medium has obvious influence on the selective grinding of bauxite.

 

Key words: bauxite; selective grinding; grinding medium; diaspore; kaolinite

中南大学学报(自然科学版)
  ISSN 1672-7207
CN 43-1426/N
ZDXZAC
中南大学学报(英文版)
  ISSN 2095-2899
CN 43-1516/TB
JCSTFT
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